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3rd Baltic Earth Conference
Earth system changes and Baltic Sea coasts
Jastarnia, Hel peninsula, Poland
1 - 5 June 2020




invitation for a Special Issue of atmosphere on "Regional Climate Modeling: Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling". Guest Editors: Bodo Ahrens and Anika Obermann-Hellhund. The special issue is open for submission until January 31st 2020. More...

More Current HZG Employment Opportunities More

BALTEX Website...



Extending the knowledge of the regional Earth system in the Baltic Sea region

Baltic Earth strives to achieve an improved Earth System understanding of the Baltic Sea region as the basis for science-based management in the face of climatic, environmental and human impact in the region. Baltic Earth brings together a broad international research community around core scientific issues identified as fundamental to informing societal efforts to achieve sustainability in the region. These “Grand Challenges” are tackled through joint research efforts, workshops, conferences and capacity building events accompanied by a continuous process of synthesis of the current state of knowledge. Communication with stakeholders and research funders aims to ensure impact and relevance of the research. Baltic Earth targets the atmosphere, land and marine environment of the Baltic Sea, its drainage basin and nearby areas with relevance for the Baltic Sea region. More...


Baltic Earth Workshop on Climate projections and uncertainties in the northern Baltic Sea region
19- 20 November 2019, Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Call for papers: Abstract Deadline EXTENDED to 20 October!


Thanks for a great Workshop!

Baltic Earth Workshop on Hydrology of the Baltic Sea Basin: Observations, Modelling, Forecasting
8-9 October 2019, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Baltic Earth Autumn School on Remote Sensing in Estonia successfully completed!

A great 5th Baltic Earth Summer School on “Climate of the Baltic Sea region” ended today...

BEAR and EN CLIME processes underway...

First Announcement:
3rd Baltic Earth Conference: Earth system changes and Baltic Sea coasts
1 - 5 June 2020, Jastarnia, Hel peninsula, Poland. More....

Advanced Training School on Remote Sensing/Earth Observation in Estonia:
Applications of Remote Sensing in the Baltic Sea region

15 - 20 September 2019, Võru, Estonia. More....
Application Deadline: 19 June 2019

New Baltic Earth Project: SeaLandBio

ESA funds the project Baltic+ SeaLaBio to demonstrate the added value of Earth Observation for achieving the Baltic Earth “Grand Challenge 2” goals, particularly if combined with biogeochemical modeling. More...

Baltic Earth Winter School on "Analysis of Climate Variability" at IOW started in good spirits...

Workshop at IO-PAN, Sopot, Poland, 1-3 April 2019
"Underway and Sensor CO2 Data and Metadata Quality Control Procedures"
Register by 22 March!
More infos here...
Agenda here...

Baltic Earth Newsletter No. 5 (pdf version of E-Mail Newsletter), December 2018 (PDF, 0,5MB)

Baltic Earth Assessment Reports with BACC III now in the making

One of the goals of Baltic Earth when it inherited BALTEX, was the assessment of the current state of the science in different research fields in the Baltic Earth context, similar to the BACC approach for climate change. Now, 6 years after the establishment of Baltic Earth, and 2 international conferences, 23 workshops/seminars/sessions and 5 summer schools later, a series of extensive assessment reports, called BEAR (Baltic Earth Assessment Reports), is underway. For each of the Baltic Earth Grand Challenges, a team of experts from the Baltic Earth network is now collecting information and reading publications to wrap together the current state of knowledge in the respective research fields, including uncertainties and gaps in knowledge.

A special case of the BEAR reports is the assessment of regional climate change and its impacts. This report will be the update to BACC II, which had been published as a book in 2015. The upcoming BACC III report will add new knowledge and possibly challenge old knowledge, while summarizing but not repeating the valid information from BACC II.

As for the previous two BACC books, there will be a close collaboration with HELCOM, the intergovernmental organization for the protection of the marine environment of the Baltic Sea. HELCOM will in the future more strongly integrate climate change aspects into their work, e.g. into the update of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan. Moreover, HELCOM plans to publish recapitulatory, easily accessible climate “fact sheets” for practitioners, decision makers and the public, which shall be based on the BACC III and BACC II material. Baltic Earth scientists will also be part of an expert network on climate (EN Clime) which will look over the sound scientific statements of the fact sheets.

The peer reviewed BEAR reports are expected to be published sometime in 2020, as a special issue in an Open Access scientific journal. More information and details on the BEARs and BACC III soon here on this website!

Baltic Earth Workshop on
Multiple drivers for Earth system changes in the Baltic Sea region
Tallinn, Estonia, 26 - 27 November 2018

Aftermath pages with resumee, presentations and photos...

2nd Baltic Earth Conference

Aftermath page now updated with photos, session summaries and more…

Thank you to the 130 participants (of which about a third were Young Scientists) for a great conference!

Call for Papers: A "Research Topic" on the conference theme has been installed in "Frontiers in Earth Science", so you are invited to submit a paper...

Baltic Earth has been approved as full Regional Hydroclimate Project (RHP) of the GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel (GHP). GEWEX, the Global Energy and Water Exchanges project is part of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP).

Baltic Earth-MedCORDEX-COST Workshop on Regional Climate System Modelling for the European Sea Regions in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, successfully terminated. More...

Workshop on Cryospheric Extremes, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland, 25-27 April 2018. Registraion deadline extended to 13 March. More...

Baltic Earth Newsletter #4 out now! Here...

New Baltic Earth contributions in OXFORD RESEARCH ENCYCLOPEDIA "Climate Science" here...

Baltic Earth projects page update... here...

BONUS Call 2017 "Synthesis" open! More....

3rd Baltic Earth Newsletter Download here...

Baltic Earth back in the GEWEX family
For 20 years, BALTEX had been associated with GEWEX, the Global Energy and Water Exchanges programme of the World Climate Research Programme WCRP, as a Regional Hydroclimate Project (RHP). After the transition to Baltic Earth with a modified steering group and portfolio, it was decided to continue this fruitful international cooperation and re-apply for status as RHP in the GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel (GHP). At the recent meeting in Gif-sur-Mer, France in October 2016, Baltic Earth was accepted as initial phase RHP by the GHP steering group. More on GEWEX...

High BACC II book download numbers
The book was published in April 2015 as Open Access book with Springer, and the download numers have since been astonishing. Springer has registered a total of approximately 90,000 chapter downloads, of which about 50,000 were in 2015. With that, BACC II was among the top 25% most downloaded Springer eBooks in the relevant collection in 2016. More on BACC and download links for BACC I and II ...

BONUS BALTICAPP now a Baltic Earth affiliated project. More...



Baltic Earth Science Plan 2017

Now available for download...

3rd Baltic Earth International Summer School, Askö, Sweden, 28 August-4 September 2017


Upcoming Events

More upcoming events...

For past events look here...


Baltic Earth Newsletter



Baltic Earth Contributions to the
"Climate Science"

New Baltic Earth Publications here

1st Baltic Earth Conference, Nida, Lithuania, 13-17 June 2016
Special Issue: Multiple drivers for Earth system changes in the Baltic Sea region.
Editors: Meier M, Rutgersson A, Smith B, Reckermann M, Didenkulova I
Earth Syst Dynam 8, 2017


Bierstedt, Svenja
Decadal to centennial variability of daily wind over Northern Europe and its application to migrating dunes in the Baltic Sea region
Dissertation at University of Hamburg, Germany

New Books

Schneider B, Müller JD
Biogeochemical Transformations in the Baltic Sea
Springer Oceanography, eBook ISBN: 978-3-319-61699-5, Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-319-61698-8, 110p.,

Snoeijs-Leijonmalm P, Schubert H, Radziejewska T (eds)
Biological Oceanography of the Baltic Sea
Springer Netherlands Science+Business Media, eBook ISBN: 978-94-007-0668-2, Hardcover ISBN: 978-94-007-0667-5, 683p.,

New Articles


Ruosteenoja K, Vihma T, Venäläinen A, 2019
Projected Changes in European and North Atlantic Seasonal Wind Climate Derived from CMIP5 Simulations
JCLI 32:6467-6490, October 2019

Westerlund A, Tuomi L, Alenius P, Myrberg K, Miettunen E, Vankevich RE, Hordoir R, 2019:
Circulation patterns in the Gulf of Finland from daily to seasonal timescales
Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, July 2019

Deng J, Wu J, Zhang W, Dudzinska-Nowak J, Harff J, 2019:
Characterising the relaxation distance of nearshore submarine morphology: A southern Baltic Sea case study

Geomorphology 327:365-376, February 2019


Meier HEN, Edman M, Eilola K, Placke M, Neumann T, Andersson H, Brunnabend S-E, Dieterich C, Frauen C, Friedland R, Gröger M, Gustafsson B, Gustafsson E, Isaev A, Kniebusch M, Kuznetsov I, Müller-Karulis B, Omstedt A, Ryabchenko V, Saraiva, Savchuk
Assessment of Euthrophication Abatement Scenarios for the Baltic Sea by Multi-Model Ensemble Simulations
Front Mar Sci, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00440, November 2018

Dabuleviciene T, Kozlov IE, Vaiciute D, Dailidiene I, 2018:
Remote Sensing of Coastal Upwelling in the South-Eastern Baltic Sea: Statistical Properties and Implications for the Coastal Environment

Remote Sens 10(11):1752, November 2018

Bieser J., Schrum C., 2018:
Evaluation of the Impact of Air-Sea Exchange on Atmospheric Mercury Concentrations.

In: Mensink C., Kallos G. (eds) Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXV. ITM 2016. Springer Proceedings in Complexity. Springer

Stanev E, Pein J, Grashorn S, Zhang Y, Schrum C, 2018:
Dynamics of the Baltic Sea Straits via Numerical Simulation of Exchange Flows
Ocean Modelling 131:40-58, November 2018

Börgel F, Frauen C, Neumann T, Schimanke S, Meier HEM, 2018:
Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Baltic Sea variability.
Geophysical Research Letter 45, September 2018

Placke M, Meier HEM, Gräwe U, Neumann T, Liu Y, 2018:
Long-term mean circulation of the Baltic Sea as represented by various ocean circulation models.
Front Mar Sci 5:287, September 2018

Hieronymus J, Eilola K, Hieronymus M, Meier HEM, Saraiva S, Karlson B, 2018:
Causes of simulated, longterm changes in chlorophyll concentrations in the Baltic Sea.
Biogeosciences 15:5113-5129, August 2018

Kulinski K, Szymczcha B, Koziorowska K, Hammer K, Schneider B, 2018:
Anomaly of total boron concentration in the brackish waters of the Baltic Sea and its consequence for the CO2 system calculations.
Mar Chem 204:11-19, August 2018

Saraiva S, Meier HEM, Andersson H, Höglund A, Dieterich C, Gröger M, Hordoir R, Eilola K, 2018:
Baltic Sea ecosystem response to various nutrient load scenarios in present and future climates
Clim Dyn (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4330-0, July 2018

Meier HEM, Eilola K, Almroth-Rosell E, Schimanke S, Kniebusch M, Höglund A, Pemberton P,  Saraiva S, 2018:
Disentangling the impact of nutrient load and climate changes on Baltic Sea hypoxia and eutrophication since 1850.
Clim Dyn 1-22, June 2018

Bauer B, Meier HEM, Casini M, Hoff A, Margoński P, Orio A, Saraiva S, Stenbeek J, Tomczak MT, 2018:
Reducing eutrophication increases spatial extent of communities supporting commercial fisheries: a model case study. ERRATUM
ICES J Mar Sci 75(3):1155, May 2018

Meier HEM, Väli G, Naumann M, Eilola K, Frauen C, 2018:
Recently accelerated oxygen consumption rates amplify deoxygenation in the Baltic Sea.
J Geophys Res 123(5):3227-3240, April 2018

Bauer B, Meier HEM, Casini M, Hoff A, Margoński P, Orio A, Saraiva S, Stenbeek J, Tomczak MT, 2018:
Reducing eutrophication increases spatial extent of communities supporting commercial fisheries: a model case study.
ICES J Mar Sci 75(4):1306-1317, January 2018



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